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Concept & Definition

According to the on-line dictionary of Webster for language learners a noun is:

a word that is the name of something (such as a person, animal, place, thing, quality, idea, or action) and is typically used in a sentence as subject or object of a verb or as object of a preposition.

in short nouns are the names of everything around us such as:

apple, chair, pen, paper, police and teacher.

Since their are so many things around us it is only appropriate to classify them in to different categories. Thus we have: Proper nouns, Common nouns, Concrete nouns, Abstract nouns, Countable nouns, Mass (Non-countable) nouns and Collective nouns.

Each classification will be discussed individually in future posts. In addition, for you to understand each classification clearly I suggest that you pair them according to their opposites. Follow this:

*Take note that their nouns that crosses classifications. For example, apple may be considered as both countable and concrete since it can be both counted and felt through the five senses.

Stay on track for the next lesson!


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Genders of Nouns: Neuter


are words of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to things classed as neither masculine nor feminine.

The neuter gender indicate words that specify objects or general terminologies. In contrast with masculine and feminine, all words that name objects are all neuter in gender. In addition, not only objects are neuter but also words that points to either male or female, like words for the infant of an animal.

Take a look at this chart to see what I mean:

Let us see now compare all three genders. Take a look at this chart:
*Take note that neuter gender can either be male or female, or can neither be male nor female. If a term or word refers to a general kind, for example a horse, it is considered as a neuter, but when you point out to male horse you should refer to it as a stallion. Above this, all words without gender specification are all neuter.
Stay on track for the next lesson!

Genders of Nouns: Feminine

are those having the qualities or appearance considered to be typical of women; connected with women.

The Feminine gender indicate words that specify the female gender. In contrast with masculine, all words that names the female individual are all feminine in gender.

Observe this chart for a quick grasp:

Looking at the previous chart of the masculine gender, we can now see the different names we call each gender. Observe this chart:

*Take note that feminine are used only for female gender species. Compare masculine with feminine for a more contrasting view. There are many words that separate the two genders but there is also a notion that discriminating words are to be avoided. Words like landlord and landlady, should be addressed as landowner or innkeeper.

Stay on track for the next lesson!

Cases of Nouns: Possessive (Genitive) Case

Possessive (Genitive)

is a word of, relating to, or constituting a word, a word group, or a grammatical case that denotes ownership or a relation analogous or similar to ownership.

Possession is simply the state of having or owning something.

A noun is in possessive case if it shows ownership or possession. Nouns or pronouns in possessive case are usually guided by the noun that follows it. Possessive case are marked with an apostrophe and 's' at the end of the word or with the 'of' phrase.

Observe this chart contrasting the apostrophe and 's' and the the 'of' phrase: