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Classification of Nouns: Proper Noun

Proper Noun

is a word or group of words (such as “John Guarnes,” “Manila,” or “Washington Street”) that is the name of a particular person, place, or thing and that usually begins with a capital letter —also called "proper name."


Proper name, in a strict manner is 'the name.' Whether it is a person's, a brand of a product, a street's name, or a country's name, all of it are called Proper nouns. As it is a name so it should start with a capital letter unless the name of a particular thing starts with a small letter like iPhone and iPod.

Other examples:

Zabdiel Feliz G. Lebrun (my name)
Marlboro (cigarette brand)
Blogger (site name)
Mac (computer brand)

Company names, building names and product brands are all proper names. A particular name of a flower: rose, tree: maple and a fruit: orange are all proper names.

Proper nouns are 'the names' indeed.

*Take note that the word proper refers to the correctness or accurateness. Regarding Proper nouns; since nouns means name, then we can have a direct definition that Proper nouns are the correct or accurate name of a person, thing, or place.
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Genders of Nouns: Neuter

Neuter

are words of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to things classed as neither masculine nor feminine.

The neuter gender indicate words that specify objects or general terminologies. In contrast with masculine and feminine, all words that name objects are all neuter in gender. In addition, not only objects are neuter but also words that points to either male or female, like words for the infant of an animal.

Take a look at this chart to see what I mean:

Let us see now compare all three genders. Take a look at this chart:
*Take note that neuter gender can either be male or female, or can neither be male nor female. If a term or word refers to a general kind, for example a horse, it is considered as a neuter, but when you point out to male horse you should refer to it as a stallion. Above this, all words without gender specification are all neuter.
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Genders of Nouns: Feminine

Feminine
are those having the qualities or appearance considered to be typical of women; connected with women.

The Feminine gender indicate words that specify the female gender. In contrast with masculine, all words that names the female individual are all feminine in gender.

Observe this chart for a quick grasp:

Looking at the previous chart of the masculine gender, we can now see the different names we call each gender. Observe this chart:

*Take note that feminine are used only for female gender species. Compare masculine with feminine for a more contrasting view. There are many words that separate the two genders but there is also a notion that discriminating words are to be avoided. Words like landlord and landlady, should be addressed as landowner or innkeeper.

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Cases of Nouns: Possessive (Genitive) Case

Possessive (Genitive)

is a word of, relating to, or constituting a word, a word group, or a grammatical case that denotes ownership or a relation analogous or similar to ownership.

Possession is simply the state of having or owning something.

A noun is in possessive case if it shows ownership or possession. Nouns or pronouns in possessive case are usually guided by the noun that follows it. Possessive case are marked with an apostrophe and 's' at the end of the word or with the 'of' phrase.

Observe this chart contrasting the apostrophe and 's' and the the 'of' phrase: