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Classification of Nouns: Proper Noun

Proper Noun

is a word or group of words (such as “John Guarnes,” “Manila,” or “Washington Street”) that is the name of a particular person, place, or thing and that usually begins with a capital letter —also called "proper name."

Proper name, in a strict manner is 'the name.' Whether it is a person's, a brand of a product, a street's name, or a country's name, all of it are called Proper nouns. As it is a name so it should start with a capital letter unless the name of a particular thing starts with a small letter like iPhone and iPod.

Other examples:

Zabdiel Feliz G. Lebrun (my name)
Marlboro (cigarette brand)
Blogger (site name)
Mac (computer brand)

Company names, building names and product brands are all proper names. A particular name of a flower: rose, tree: maple and a fruit: orange are all proper names.

Proper nouns are 'the names' indeed.

*Take note that the word proper refers to the correctness or accurateness. Regarding Proper nouns; since nouns means name, then we can have a direct definition that Proper nouns are the correct or accurate name of a person, thing, or place.
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Genders of Nouns: Neuter


are words of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to things classed as neither masculine nor feminine.

The neuter gender indicate words that specify objects or general terminologies. In contrast with masculine and feminine, all words that name objects are all neuter in gender. In addition, not only objects are neuter but also words that points to either male or female, like words for the infant of an animal.

Take a look at this chart to see what I mean:

Let us see now compare all three genders. Take a look at this chart:
*Take note that neuter gender can either be male or female, or can neither be male nor female. If a term or word refers to a general kind, for example a horse, it is considered as a neuter, but when you point out to male horse you should refer to it as a stallion. Above this, all words without gender specification are all neuter.
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Genders of Nouns: Feminine

are those having the qualities or appearance considered to be typical of women; connected with women.

The Feminine gender indicate words that specify the female gender. In contrast with masculine, all words that names the female individual are all feminine in gender.

Observe this chart for a quick grasp:

Looking at the previous chart of the masculine gender, we can now see the different names we call each gender. Observe this chart:

*Take note that feminine are used only for female gender species. Compare masculine with feminine for a more contrasting view. There are many words that separate the two genders but there is also a notion that discriminating words are to be avoided. Words like landlord and landlady, should be addressed as landowner or innkeeper.

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Numbers of Nouns: Plural


is a word of, relating to, or constituting a class of grammatical forms usually used to denote more than one or in some languages more than two.

Plural stands for many. If you are referring to several persons thing or events, then use the plural form of the noun. There are several ways in forming the plural form of nouns. Generally you add 's' after the word to form the plural, in other cases you add 'es', and still in others, you would totally change the word.

Here is a chart of the rules you can follow to change a noun to its plural form:

Let us take a look at the difference of singular and plural nouns:

*Take note that there are no rules stating when a word needs to be totaly changed to form its plural, you have to familiarize yourself with that word. In short, the more you read, the more words you encounter, the more you get to familiarize.

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